These wall sconces are built to cover a typical wall mounted light fixture (not included). The center section is textured copper sheet with forged iron strapping assembled using copper rivets. The top and bottom sections are 12 gauge steel with a natural clear coated wrought iron patina. This sconce casts a beautiful array of light up, down, and against the wall. Light also comes out between the copper and steel elements shooting diagonal rays of light in four directions on the wall.